What is In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)?
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is a procedure that has been used for more than 30 years to help millions of couples have children.
The IVF treatment is about 5 times more effective than intrauterine insemination and can overcome almost any kind of fertility issue.
In the recent years, IVF is often used not only for infertility, but also for family balancing and social reasons.
The IVF Process
- Around the third day of the menstrual cycle, medications called Gonadotropins, which resemble your own hormones, are used in the form of daily injections for about 10-14 days to stimulate the growth of the follicles (eggs).
- During this time, we will monitor the growth of the follicles with blood tests and ultrasounds.
- The follicles will then be retrieved with a vaginal ultrasound under intravenous sedation by an anesthesiologist in a short 30-minute procedure.
- The eggs retrieved are fertilized with intracytoplasmic injections of sperm into the egg to form embryos in the next day.
- The embryos are cultured in the laboratory for 3 to 5 days to form a blastocyst.
- The blastocysts are either frozen or genetically tested by a process called PGS (preimplantation genetic screening) in order to select the best embryos or transfer only one embryo.
Why Choose IVF?
Some of the common reasons patients undergo IVF include:
- Blocked tubes
- Unexplained Infertility
- Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD), for elimination of genetic diseases
- Recurrent spontaneous abortions with genetic etiology
- Male causes such as low sperm count, low motility, or lack of sperm
- Failed therapies with ovulation induction
- Advanced female age
- Women with low ovarian reserve
- Donor egg cycles
- Family Balancing (choosing the gender of male or female)
- LGBT individual or couples (hyperlink)